10 RESULTS
School programm

Victor I Govardovskii

We know that the retina of our eye contains two basic types of photoreceptor cells, rods for twilight, and cones for daylight vision. The split in two physiological types is paralleled by the split in two types of morphology, already established in 19th century. However, studies of a vast number of vertebrate taxa revealed wide …

School programm

Rimma G. Parnova

Formulating in the second half of the 19th century the definition of life as “a way for the existence of protein bodies,” Friedrich Engels, one of the founders of Marxist theory, knew little about lipids. Meanwhile, it was due to these persistent “hydrophobes” that nascent life was able to isolate itself from the surrounding chaos …

School programm

Alexander O. Shpakov

The luteinizing and follicle-stimulating hormones and human chorionic gonadotropin are the most important regulators of the reproductive system that regulate the sexual behavior, the reproduction and many other physiological functions. In the recent years, there has been a real progress in deciphering the unique structure and mechanisms of action of gonadotropins, and their great diversity …

School programm

Olga S. Tarasova

It is well known that the influence of various adverse factors during certain critical periods could affect the normal development of the fetus and lead to the structural and functional remodelling of the circulatory bed, which increases the risk for the development of cardiovascular disorders in later life. This phenomenon is called “intrauterine programming of …

School programm

Juri D. Kropotov

Human behavior is goal directed and flexible. The flexibility requires two core capacities: 1) the capacity to reactively select and implement actions in a goal-directed manner, 2) the capacity to predict the actions and their outcomes.  Theoretically these two features are reflected in a dual model of cognitive control and a theory of predictive error.  …

School programm

Nikita S. Chernetsov

The ability of birds to sense the magnetic field has been discussed in the scientific context since the 19th century. However, until the second half of the 20th century the researchers of this subject encountered skepticism from the colleagues. In the 1960ies behavioral experiments in migratory birds showed unequivocally that birds can use the geomagnetic …

School programm

Konstantin V. Anokhin

The question of the evolutionary physiology of consciousness may seem strange. However, this question: a) was raised by the author of the evolutionary theory of natural selection, who devoted a significant part of his research after the publication of “The Origin of Species” for attempt to find an answer to it, and b) continues the …

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